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[FFmpeg-devel,v16,1/5] libavutil: Add wchartoutf8(), wchartoansi(), utf8toansi() and getenv_utf8()

Message ID 20220615200344.17211-1-nil-admirari@mailo.com
State New
Headers show
Series [FFmpeg-devel,v16,1/5] libavutil: Add wchartoutf8(), wchartoansi(), utf8toansi() and getenv_utf8() | expand

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Commit Message

Nil Admirari June 15, 2022, 8:03 p.m. UTC
wchartoutf8() converts strings returned by WinAPI into UTF-8,
which is FFmpeg's preffered encoding.

Some external dependencies, such as AviSynth, are still
not Unicode-enabled. utf8toansi() converts UTF-8 strings
into ANSI in two steps: UTF-8 -> wchar_t -> ANSI.
wchartoansi() is responsible for the second step of the conversion.
Conversion in just one step is not supported by WinAPI.

Since these character converting functions allocate the buffer
of necessary size, they also facilitate the removal of MAX_PATH limit
in places where fixed-size ANSI/WCHAR strings were used
as filename buffers.

getenv_utf8() wraps _wgetenv() converting its input from
and its output to UTF-8. Compared to plain getenv(),
getenv_utf8() requires a cleanup.

Because of that, in places that only test the existence of
an environment variable or compare its value with a string
consisting entirely of ASCII characters, the use of plain getenv()
is still preferred. (libavutil/log.c check_color_terminal()
is an example of such a place.)

Plain getenv() is also preffered in UNIX-only code,
such as bktr.c, fbdev_common.c, oss.c in libavdevice
or af_ladspa.c in libavfilter.
---
 configure                  |  1 +
 libavutil/getenv_utf8.h    | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 libavutil/wchar_filename.h | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 123 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 libavutil/getenv_utf8.h
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/configure b/configure
index 3dca1c4bd3..fa37a74531 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -2272,6 +2272,7 @@  SYSTEM_FUNCS="
     fcntl
     getaddrinfo
     getauxval
+    getenv
     gethrtime
     getopt
     GetModuleHandle
diff --git a/libavutil/getenv_utf8.h b/libavutil/getenv_utf8.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..161e3e6202
--- /dev/null
+++ b/libavutil/getenv_utf8.h
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@ 
+/*
+ * This file is part of FFmpeg.
+ *
+ * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef AVUTIL_GETENV_UTF8_H
+#define AVUTIL_GETENV_UTF8_H
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#include "mem.h"
+
+#ifdef HAVE_GETENV
+
+#ifdef _WIN32
+
+#include "libavutil/wchar_filename.h"
+
+static inline char *getenv_utf8(const char *varname)
+{
+    wchar_t *varname_w, *var_w;
+    char *var;
+
+    if (utf8towchar(varname, &varname_w))
+        return NULL;
+    if (!varname_w)
+        return NULL;
+
+    var_w = _wgetenv(varname_w);
+    av_free(varname_w);
+
+    if (!var_w)
+        return NULL;
+    if (wchartoutf8(var_w, &var))
+        return NULL;
+
+    return var;
+
+    // No CP_ACP fallback compared to other *_utf8() functions:
+    // non UTF-8 strings must not be returned.
+}
+
+#else
+
+static inline char *getenv_utf8(const char *varname)
+{
+    return av_strdup(getenv(varname));
+}
+
+#endif // _WIN32
+
+#else
+
+#define getenv_utf8(x) NULL
+
+#endif // HAVE_GETENV
+
+#endif // AVUTIL_GETENV_UTF8_H
diff --git a/libavutil/wchar_filename.h b/libavutil/wchar_filename.h
index f36d9dfea3..a6d71e52e5 100644
--- a/libavutil/wchar_filename.h
+++ b/libavutil/wchar_filename.h
@@ -41,6 +41,57 @@  static inline int utf8towchar(const char *filename_utf8, wchar_t **filename_w)
     return 0;
 }
 
+av_warn_unused_result
+static inline int wchartocp(unsigned int code_page, const wchar_t *filename_w,
+                            char **filename)
+{
+    DWORD flags = code_page == CP_UTF8 ? WC_ERR_INVALID_CHARS : 0;
+    int num_chars = WideCharToMultiByte(code_page, flags, filename_w, -1,
+                                        NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
+    if (num_chars <= 0) {
+        *filename = NULL;
+        return 0;
+    }
+    *filename = av_malloc_array(num_chars, sizeof *filename);
+    if (!*filename) {
+        errno = ENOMEM;
+        return -1;
+    }
+    WideCharToMultiByte(code_page, flags, filename_w, -1,
+                        *filename, num_chars, NULL, NULL);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+av_warn_unused_result
+static inline int wchartoutf8(const wchar_t *filename_w, char **filename)
+{
+    return wchartocp(CP_UTF8, filename_w, filename);
+}
+
+av_warn_unused_result
+static inline int wchartoansi(const wchar_t *filename_w, char **filename)
+{
+    return wchartocp(CP_ACP, filename_w, filename);
+}
+
+av_warn_unused_result
+static inline int utf8toansi(const char *filename_utf8, char **filename)
+{
+    wchar_t *filename_w = NULL;
+    int ret = -1;
+    if (utf8towchar(filename_utf8, &filename_w))
+        return -1;
+
+    if (!filename_w) {
+        *filename = NULL;
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    ret = wchartoansi(filename_w, filename);
+    av_free(filename_w);
+    return ret;
+}
+
 /**
  * Checks for extended path prefixes for which normalization needs to be skipped.
  * see .NET6: PathInternal.IsExtended()